Cells were crosslinked with 1% formaldehyde for 10 min at room temperature and quenched with glycine. For ChIP-seq, nuclear lysates were sonicated to generate 200-500 bp fragments . Chromatin was precleared with Protein A or G Dynabeads at 4°C for 2 hours and incubated with antibody overnight at 4°C. Isolated chromatin was washed, eluted, reverse crosslinked and purified by standard methods. For HiChIP nuclei were isolated and chromatin digested by DpnII, filled in with biotin-dCTP, and ligated. After ligation, chromatin was sonicated and precleared with Protein A and G Dynabeads at 4°C for 2 hours, then precipitated using anti-CP190 or anti-Pol2phosphoSerine2 antibody overnight. Isolated chromatin was washed, eluted, reverse crosslinked and purified by standard methods, after which ligation events were enriched by streptavidin precipitation. Libraries were constructed using the standard protocol. Genomic fragments were end repaired (NEBNext End Repair Module), A-tailed by adding adenosine to the 3’ ends of fragment using Klenow fragment (3’ to 5’ exo minus, New England Biolabs), and adaptors were ligatedat room temperature for 1 hr with T4 DNA ligase (New England Biolabs). Libraries were amplified with Illumina primers using the KAPA SYBR FAST qPCR Master Mix.