Cell culture: HEK293T/17 cells were cultured in DMEM with 10% FBS for no longer than 15 passages. ON-TARGETplus SMARTpool for human SUZ12 (Thermo Scientific, Dharmacon cat # L-006957-00-0005) was used to knockdown SUZ12 (siSUZ12) and ON-TARGETplus Non-targeting Pool (Dharmacon cat # D-001810-10-05) was used as a negative control (siCtrl). A total of 25 nM siRNA was transfected in 6-well dishes using Lipofectamine™ RNAiMAX Reagent (Life Technologies, Invitrogen) following the manufacturer’s recommendations. RNA-seq: Polyadenylated RNA was purified from 4 ug of RNA. cDNA libraries were prepared and double-stranded cDNA was fragmented using DNase I according to Illumina specifications, prior to adaptor ligation. Sequencing libraries were amplified and sequenced using an Illumina HiSeq 2000 sequencer. ChIP-seq: 30 million cells at 80% to 90% confluent culture were crosslinked in 1% v/v formaldehyde for 10 min, quenched in 150 mM glycine, washed with cold 1xPBS and harvested by scraping. Cells were lysed in Lysis Buffer (1% w/v SDS, 10 mM EDTA, 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.1) with 1x Complete® protease inhibitors (Roche). Cells were sonicated for 10 to 15 min using a Bioruptor™ UCD-200 (Diagenode) with 30 sec pulses at maximum power. Lysates were diluted to 10 ml in IP Buffer (0.01% w/v SDS, 1.1% v/v Triton-X, 1.2 mM EDTA, 16.7 mM Tris-HCL pH 8.0, 167 mM NaCl) and 10 to 20 ng of antibodies were added and incubated overnight at 4 ⁰C with rotation. Antibodies were immunoprecipitated with 60 µl protein G Plus/protein A Agarose Suspension (Calbiochem cat # IP05) and washed sequentially with 1 ml Low Salt Wash Buffer (0.1% w/v SDS, 1% v/v Triton X-100, 2 mM EDTA, 20 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.0, 150 mM NaCl), 1 ml High Salt Wash Buffer (0.1% w/v SDS, 1% v/v Triton X-100, 2 mM EDTA, 20 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.0, 500 mM NaCl), 1 ml LiCl Wash Buffer (0.25 M LiCl, 1% v/v Nonidet P-40, 1% w/v deoxycholate, 1 mM EDTA, 10 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.0) and 1 ml TE buffer (Qiagen). DNA was eluted with 0.4 ml of 0.1 M NaHCO3 and 1% w/v SDS. Eluent was transferred into a new tube and NaCl was added to a final concentration of 200 mM. Crosslinks were reversed by incubation at 65 ⁰C for 2 hours. Next, proteins and RNA were digested by adding 33 µl of Digestion Reagent (0.6 M Tris-HCl pH 6.5, 152 mM EDTA, 61 ng/ml RNase A (Invitrogen cat # AM2274) and 0.61 mg/ml Proteinase K (NEB cat # P8102)) following by 1 hour incubation at 37 ⁰C. DNA was extracted by phenol:chloroform and ethanol precipitated. DNA was resuspended in Milli-Q pure water and concentration was measured using Qubit™ (Invitrogen). At least 10 ng of recovered DNA was used to synthesize sequencing libraries using the ChIP-seq Sample Preparation kit (Illumina). Between 6 and 10 pmoles were used for sequencing on the HiSeq2000 sequencer.